Description du poste
Partners : IBISC, https://ibisc.univ-evry.fr/ (univ Evry, université Paris-Saclay) équipe SIAM , LISSI (UPEC) http://lissi.fr, Equipe Synapse
Basic AI and Data Science : classification from image features
Specialized ML and AI : signal, image, vision
Application domain : AI-based imagery by MFI
Mots-clés deep learning, tensor decomposition
Key-words machine learning, deep tech, source separation, tensor decomposition, time series, neuroimaging, stroke
Total duration of internship 6 months (postgraduate)
Working period : 2024/02/01 to 2024/09/01
Context et objectives
The exponential development of AI and neural networks is renewing the study of time series from both a fundamental and applied point of view. Particularly for multivariate signals, the tensor can be a more adequate representation than the matrix, because it avoids the loss of data structure, and therefore the loss of information.
Automatic learning on tensor data is classically carried out by linear tensor decomposition, for example CPD/PARAFAC or Tucker [Sid17]. Recently, tensor representations have been integrated into neural networks and have enabled significant developments in deep learning, particularly in the field of images, by reducing the number of parameters to be estimated.
To increase the identifiability and interpretability of deep neural models, constraints are added, for example non-negativity, classic in a matrix and tensor learning framework [Kol08]. In deep learning, variational autoencoders have been interpreted in a non-negative matrix factorization framework, but also as a CPD tensor factorization, and even non-negative Tucker [Mar22]. Autoencoders belong to the family of generative models. They make it possible to discover latent spaces by learning an automorphism x=f(x). Their latent space can be structured in tensor form, which provides very good performance [Pan21]. It has been shown that this allows a compromise in terms of performance and interpretability, between a simple unconstrained autoencoder and a non-negative Tucker model, for different tasks (segmentation, pattern detection). However, this preliminary work leaves significant room for progress, and the properties of this type of hybrid model are still poorly understood.
First of all, we will establish a benchmark of the different approaches. Then we will modify the constraints which structure the tensor decomposition in an auto-encoder/Tucker decomposition type model. We will evaluate and compare the characteristics of several architectures for the autoencoder. The proposed algorithms will be tested on data from several application fields currently examined in our respective laboratories: powers transmitted on an electricity transmission network; calibration of pollutant sensors; prediction of sports performance, segmentation of brain tumors. This work could continue in thesis (1) by comparing the performances of the representation in the temporal, time-frequency, time-scale domains (2) by applying these tensor decompositions on Boltzmann machines (DB networks and diffusion model) (3) by studying the influence of the network structure of the underlying phenomenon on the signal representation. Industrial collaborations are possible.
[Kol08] Kolda, Bader, « Tensor decompositions and applications », in: SIAM review 51.3 (2009), pp. 455–500.
[Sid17] Sidiropoulos et al. « Tensor Decomposition for Signal Processing and Machine Learning »IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 2017.
[Pan21] Panagakis et al. « Tensor Methods in Computer Vision and Deep Learning » Proceedings of the IEEE, https://doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2021.3074329
[Mar22] Marmoret, « Unsupervised Machine Learning Paradigms for the Representation of Music Similarity and Structure », thèse IMT Atlantique, 2022.
Profile and skills sought
Ability to understand and develop adaptive learning algorithms and process data, index them and exploit them in an operational system to achieve the mission described above. Programming skills: Python or C/C++. Experience with Tensorflow or Pytorch would be a plus. French is not mandatory.
Professional qualities sought after autonomy, personal skills to interact with research and business teams, motivation for new technologies, creativity to implement an innovative solution.
Scientific and material supervision and conditions The project is multidisciplinary, at the interface of machine learning, computer science and physics. The student will be supervised by Vincent Vigneron and Aurelien Hazan, both specialists in machine learning, signal and image processing. The Synapse team (LISSI) develops tools for analyzing network phenomena. The IBISC SIAM team is recognized for its expertise in deep learning.
Remuneration: €3600/6 months
Contact: send resume and grades of bachelor+master to
Aurélien Hazan email@example.com and Vincent Vigneron, firstname.lastname@example.org Phone : +33 6 63 568 760